GLOSSARY A - L

By Joe Maurantonio

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   A ***
age to raise, upward
age tsuki rising punch
age uke rising block
ago chin
ai harmony
aiki unified energy
aite opponent
amado lower neck
anatoshi trapping
arashi storm
aruki walking
ashi leg; foot
ashi waza foot techniques
ashiguru foot soldiers; lowest level of bushi
ashiko foot claws (see shuko)
atama head
ate blow, strike
ate waza striking technique
atemi strike; striking the vital points
atemi waza techniques of striking
atsu press
awase to meet; to come together
   B ***
bakufu military government of japan
barai to sweep; sweeping motion
batto flowing motion of sword drawing and cutting
battojutsu sword drawing art
bisento heavy battlefield halberd; a variety naginata
bo six foot staff
bo shuriken straight throwing blades (see shuriken)
bojutsu six foot staff fighting methods
bokken wooden practice sword
bokuto wooden practice sword
boryaku concepts of battle strategy
boshi ken thumb drive fist
bu military arts
budo martial ways
budo taijutsu unarmed combat methods of the Bujinkan
budoka one who studies the martial way
bugei martial skill
bugo martial (warrior) name
bugu martial training weapons
bujin warrior spirit
Bujinden Hatsumi Sensei's hombu dojo
Bujinkan divine warrior training hall
bujutsu martial arts; martial techniques
bushi Japanese warrior
Bushido way of the warrior; code of conduct
butoku martial virtue or spirit
   C ***
chi earth
chi ryaku no maki earth strategy scroll
chimon earthly forces
chu middle
chudan middle level
chunin middle rank ninja
   D ***
dai large, big, great
Daikomyosai three day event celebrating Hatsumi Sensei's birthday
daisho the set of katana and kodachi
daito longer Japanese sword
dakentaijutsu striking body methods
dan level or degree of black belt
deai initiatory action in combat
den legend, tradition
densho traditional scrolls (see also makimono)
deshi student; disciple
do path, road, way; motion; change
do jime choke applied to opponent's sides
dojo training hall, place of the way
doko angry tiger
dome stop; arrest
donton jutsu earth concealment techniques
dori seize, catch
doshin Tokugawa period law enforcement official
   E ***
empi elbow
enbu demonstration
eri collar or lapel
   F ***
fu negation; wind
fudo immobility
fudo kanashibari no jutsu method of making an opponent hesitate
fudo ken clenched fist
fudoshin imperturbable or immovable spirit
fudoza immovable seat
fukuro shinai leather wrapped split-bamboo training sword
furi to spin or twirl
   G ***
gaeshi turn over, throw; reversal
gakure to hide, disappear
ganmen face
ganseki rock
ganseki nage big rock throw
garami to entangle, entwine; bind
gari to reap; hook
gata style, type, pattern; single
gatame to tighten
gawa side
gedan lower level
gedan uke downward receiving flow
genin low rank ninja
geri kick
geta wooden clogs
gi training uniform (also dogi or keikogi)
gikan regard for justice
giri cut, obligation or duty
go five
go no sen responsive initiative
godai five greats
gogyo five transformations
gojo gyoku principle of five feelings and desires
gokui hidden or secret
gokui no uta a poem given to a deshi as a hint toward his quest for mastery
gokuraku paradise; heaven
goroshi to kill; destroy
goshi (or koshi) hip; loins
goshin waza self defense techniques
gotonpo five element concealing and escaping methods
gunryaku heiho military strategy
gyaku reverse; joint manipulation
gyaku gi joint lock techniques
gyaku jime reverse constriction (choke)
gyaku tsuki reverse punch
gyoku gem, jewel; testicles
   H ***
hachi eight
hachimaki headband
hajime begin
hajutsu escaping methods
hakama pleated divided skirt
hamon formal expulsion from a tradition
han half
hanbo three foot stick
hanbojutsu techniques of the short staff
hane age jump up, spring up; raising up; wing
haori a type of jacket worn over the kimono
happo eight ways (all directional)
happo hiken eight way secret sword
hara belly; center of one's body
haragei belly art; intuitive thought
harai to sweep; sweeping motion
harai goshi brushing the waist; body throw
heiho strategy; martial principles
henka change; variation
hi secret; to fly
hicho flying bird
hidari left
hiden secret traditions
hiji elbow
hiken juroppo sixteen hidden weapons (fists)
hiki to pull
hira flat, even, level
hira shuriken flat blades (shaken)
hiza knee
ho direction, way; principle; direction
hodoki free, loosen, unbind
hoi encircling
hojo binding and securing
hojojutsu binding techniques using a tying cord to restrain prisoners
hoko encircling tiger
hokojutsu stepping (walking) arts
hombu main dojo
hon main; true; regular; normal
hon jime main constriction (choke)
hyoho see heiho
hyoshi rhythm
   I ***
i mind, heart; will, intention
iai motion of sword drawing and cutting
iaido sword drawing way
iaijutsu techniques of sword-drawing
ichi one
ichimonji the written character one in Japanese
in soft, negative, dark, female (yin)
inton concealment and camouflage
iri to enter
irimi entering
itami pain
   J ***
jigoku hell
jime to constrict, tighten, choke
jin man
jin ryaku no maki man strategy scroll
jissen gata real fighting; true fightingforms
jo four foot walking staff; upper
jo sokutei raised sole
jodan upper level
jodan uke upper receiving flow
jojutsu techniques of the stick; stick art
jonin leader ninja
ju ten
jujutsu techniques of flexibility; art of flexibiity
jumonji the written character ten in Japanese
jumonji uke cross-arm block
junan taiso body conditioning and flexibility
jutaijutsu grappling methods, throws, locks, holds
jutsu techniques; art or method
jutte a metal truncheon
   K ***
ka fire
kaeshi to turn over, throw
kaeshiwaza reversal (escape) techniques
kage shadow
kagi hook
kaiden master's certificate
kaiten rolling; overturn
kakato heel
kakato geri heel kick
kaku angle; horn
kama sickles
kamae attitude, posture, stance
kami dieties; demi-gods
kanji Chinese pictographic characters used in written Japanese
kansetsu waza joint manipulation skills
kappo resuscitation methods
karate empty hand; (older: Chinese hand)
kashira cap end
kata shoulder; arranged forms; single, one; style, type, pattern
kata dori shoulder grab
katana Japanese sword; long sword
katate one-handed, single hand
katsu resuscitation methods
kawa side
keiko training; practice
ken fist; heavy straight-blade sword; weapon
kendo way of the sword; modern Japanese fencing
kenjutsu sword methods, swordsmanship
kenpo fist way; sword way
keri to kick
kesa giri diagonal cut
ki internal energy, spirit, mind, heart, soul, rise
kiai spirit shout, focus life energy.
kiaijutsu techniques of kiai
kihon foundation, basic, fundamental
kihon happo fundamentals eight ways
kihon waza fundamental techniques
kikaku ken head-strike fist
kime restraint, focus (mental, spiritual or physical); chest muscle
kimono traditional dress of the Japanese
kiri to cut, mist, fog
kishomon vow on entering a classical tradition
ko child; hook, barb; small; tiger
ko ashi small walking steps
kobudo classical martial ways
kobuto wari helmet splitter
kocho butterfly
kodachi short sword
koe body weak point at hip and groin joint (femoral artery); voice; tone
kogoroshi killing the child
kogusoku grappling; usually in armor
kohai junior
koho rear, back
kokoro spirit, heart, or mind
koku ancient weight measurement to specify income
kokyuho breathing method
koppojutsu bone striking method
koroshi to kill
koryu classical or old tradition
kosei offensive
koshi hip area; loins
kote wrist, forearm
kote gaeshi wrist reversal; wristlock
kotsu essence, point; bone
ku air, sky; emptiness; void; nine
kubi neck
kubi nage neck throw
kudaki crush, break, smash; shatter
kuden oral teachings
kuji in nine syllable seals
kukan "space" and the timing within the space
kumi uchi grappling position
kumite free sparring
kumiuchi grappling position
kunoichi 'nine plus one'; female ninja
kusarifundo short chain with weighted ends
kusarigama sickle and chain
kukan "space" and the timing within the space
kuzushi to break; breaking opponent's balance
kyo unpreparedness; false
kyojitsu truth and deception; fienting
kyojitsu tenkan theory of alternating appearances of reality
kyoketsu shoge sickle blade weapon with weighted cord
kyoman observation and perception
kyomon religious understandings
kyu step, grade; rank of green belt
kyuba archery and horsemanship
kyudo archery; way of the bow
kyusho vital points, pressure points, weak points

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