GLOSSARY A - L

By Joe Maurantonio

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   A***
ageto raise, upward
age tsukirising punch
age ukerising block
agochin
aiharmony
aikiunified energy
aiteopponent
amadolower neck
anatoshitrapping
arashistorm
arukiwalking
ashileg; foot
ashi wazafoot techniques
ashigurufoot soldiers; lowest level of bushi
ashikofoot claws (see shuko)
atamahead
ateblow, strike
ate wazastriking technique
atemistrike; striking the vital points
atemi wazatechniques of striking
atsupress
awaseto meet; to come together
   B***
bakufumilitary government of japan
baraito sweep; sweeping motion
battoflowing motion of sword drawing and cutting
battojutsusword drawing art
bisentoheavy battlefield halberd; a variety naginata
bosix foot staff
bo shurikenstraight throwing blades (see shuriken)
bojutsusix foot staff fighting methods
bokkenwooden practice sword
bokutowooden practice sword
boryakuconcepts of battle strategy
boshi kenthumb drive fist
bumilitary arts
budomartial ways
budo taijutsuunarmed combat methods of the Bujinkan
budokaone who studies the martial way
bugeimartial skill
bugomartial (warrior) name
bugumartial training weapons
bujinwarrior spirit
BujindenHatsumi Sensei's hombu dojo
Bujinkandivine warrior training hall
bujutsumartial arts; martial techniques
bushiJapanese warrior
Bushidoway of the warrior; code of conduct
butokumartial virtue or spirit
   C***
chiearth
chi ryaku no makiearth strategy scroll
chimonearthly forces
chumiddle
chudanmiddle level
chuninmiddle rank ninja
   D***
dailarge, big, great
Daikomyosaithree day event celebrating Hatsumi Sensei's birthday
daishothe set of katana and kodachi
daitolonger Japanese sword
dakentaijutsustriking body methods
danlevel or degree of black belt
deaiinitiatory action in combat
denlegend, tradition
denshotraditional scrolls (see also makimono)
deshistudent; disciple
dopath, road, way; motion; change
do jimechoke applied to opponent's sides
dojotraining hall, place of the way
dokoangry tiger
domestop; arrest
donton jutsuearth concealment techniques
doriseize, catch
doshinTokugawa period law enforcement official
   E***
empielbow
enbudemonstration
ericollar or lapel
   F***
funegation; wind
fudoimmobility
fudo kanashibari no jutsumethod of making an opponent hesitate
fudo kenclenched fist
fudoshinimperturbable or immovable spirit
fudozaimmovable seat
fukuro shinaileather wrapped split-bamboo training sword
furito spin or twirl
   G***
gaeshiturn over, throw; reversal
gakureto hide, disappear
ganmenface
gansekirock
ganseki nagebig rock throw
garamito entangle, entwine; bind
garito reap; hook
gatastyle, type, pattern; single
gatameto tighten
gawaside
gedanlower level
gedan ukedownward receiving flow
geninlow rank ninja
gerikick
getawooden clogs
gitraining uniform (also dogi or keikogi)
gikanregard for justice
giricut, obligation or duty
gofive
go no senresponsive initiative
godaifive greats
gogyofive transformations
gojo gyokuprinciple of five feelings and desires
gokuihidden or secret
gokui no utaa poem given to a deshi as a hint toward his quest for mastery
gokurakuparadise; heaven
goroshito kill; destroy
goshi (or koshi)hip; loins
goshin wazaself defense techniques
gotonpofive element concealing and escaping methods
gunryaku heihomilitary strategy
gyakureverse; joint manipulation
gyaku gijoint lock techniques
gyaku jimereverse constriction (choke)
gyaku tsukireverse punch
gyokugem, jewel; testicles
   H***
hachieight
hachimakiheadband
hajimebegin
hajutsuescaping methods
hakamapleated divided skirt
hamonformal expulsion from a tradition
hanhalf
hanbothree foot stick
hanbojutsutechniques of the short staff
hane agejump up, spring up; raising up; wing
haoria type of jacket worn over the kimono
happoeight ways (all directional)
happo hikeneight way secret sword
harabelly; center of one's body
harageibelly art; intuitive thought
haraito sweep; sweeping motion
harai goshibrushing the waist; body throw
heihostrategy; martial principles
henkachange; variation
hisecret; to fly
hichoflying bird
hidarileft
hidensecret traditions
hijielbow
hiken juropposixteen hidden weapons (fists)
hikito pull
hiraflat, even, level
hira shurikenflat blades (shaken)
hizaknee
hodirection, way; principle; direction
hodokifree, loosen, unbind
hoiencircling
hojobinding and securing
hojojutsubinding techniques using a tying cord to restrain prisoners
hokoencircling tiger
hokojutsustepping (walking) arts
hombumain dojo
honmain; true; regular; normal
hon jimemain constriction (choke)
hyohosee heiho
hyoshirhythm
   I***
imind, heart; will, intention
iaimotion of sword drawing and cutting
iaidosword drawing way
iaijutsutechniques of sword-drawing
ichione
ichimonjithe written character one in Japanese
insoft, negative, dark, female (yin)
intonconcealment and camouflage
irito enter
irimientering
itamipain
   J***
jigokuhell
jimeto constrict, tighten, choke
jinman
jin ryaku no makiman strategy scroll
jissen gatareal fighting; true fightingforms
jofour foot walking staff; upper
jo sokuteiraised sole
jodanupper level
jodan ukeupper receiving flow
jojutsutechniques of the stick; stick art
joninleader ninja
juten
jujutsutechniques of flexibility; art of flexibiity
jumonjithe written character ten in Japanese
jumonji ukecross-arm block
junan taisobody conditioning and flexibility
jutaijutsugrappling methods, throws, locks, holds
jutsutechniques; art or method
juttea metal truncheon
   K***
kafire
kaeshito turn over, throw
kaeshiwazareversal (escape) techniques
kageshadow
kagihook
kaidenmaster's certificate
kaitenrolling; overturn
kakatoheel
kakato geriheel kick
kakuangle; horn
kamasickles
kamaeattitude, posture, stance
kamidieties; demi-gods
kanjiChinese pictographic characters used in written Japanese
kansetsu wazajoint manipulation skills
kapporesuscitation methods
karateempty hand; (older: Chinese hand)
kashiracap end
katashoulder; arranged forms; single, one; style, type, pattern
kata dorishoulder grab
katanaJapanese sword; long sword
katateone-handed, single hand
katsuresuscitation methods
kawaside
keikotraining; practice
kenfist; heavy straight-blade sword; weapon
kendoway of the sword; modern Japanese fencing
kenjutsusword methods, swordsmanship
kenpofist way; sword way
kerito kick
kesa giridiagonal cut
kiinternal energy, spirit, mind, heart, soul, rise
kiaispirit shout, focus life energy.
kiaijutsutechniques of kiai
kihonfoundation, basic, fundamental
kihon happofundamentals eight ways
kihon wazafundamental techniques
kikaku kenhead-strike fist
kimerestraint, focus (mental, spiritual or physical); chest muscle
kimonotraditional dress of the Japanese
kirito cut, mist, fog
kishomonvow on entering a classical tradition
kochild; hook, barb; small; tiger
ko ashismall walking steps
kobudoclassical martial ways
kobuto warihelmet splitter
kochobutterfly
kodachishort sword
koebody weak point at hip and groin joint (femoral artery); voice; tone
kogoroshikilling the child
kogusokugrappling; usually in armor
kohaijunior
kohorear, back
kokorospirit, heart, or mind
kokuancient weight measurement to specify income
kokyuhobreathing method
koppojutsubone striking method
koroshito kill
koryuclassical or old tradition
koseioffensive
koshihip area; loins
kotewrist, forearm
kote gaeshiwrist reversal; wristlock
kotsuessence, point; bone
kuair, sky; emptiness; void; nine
kubineck
kubi nageneck throw
kudakicrush, break, smash; shatter
kudenoral teachings
kuji innine syllable seals
kukan"space" and the timing within the space
kumi uchigrappling position
kumitefree sparring
kumiuchigrappling position
kunoichi'nine plus one'; female ninja
kusarifundoshort chain with weighted ends
kusarigamasickle and chain
kukan"space" and the timing within the space
kuzushito break; breaking opponent's balance
kyounpreparedness; false
kyojitsutruth and deception; fienting
kyojitsu tenkantheory of alternating appearances of reality
kyoketsu shogesickle blade weapon with weighted cord
kyomanobservation and perception
kyomonreligious understandings
kyustep, grade; rank of green belt
kyubaarchery and horsemanship
kyudoarchery; way of the bow
kyushovital points, pressure points, weak points

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